The Philippines is an agricultural economy with agriculture being the major profession of its people. The majority of its people reside in the rural areas as well as adhere to various source of income options in the agricultural field. The overall acreage in the nation is 30 million hectares, out of which 47% is under farming. Prime agricultural lands are located around the main urban and high population density locations.

The farming sector in Philippines is divided into four sub-sectors including farming, fisheries, livestock and forestry. Rice as well as corn make up nearly 50% of the farming fruit and vegetables in the nation. This has caused the enhanced understanding about farming studies.

Besides rice and corn, the various other important plant returns in the country are coconut, bananas, pineapple, coffee, mangoes as well as abaca (a banana kind plant). Aside from these, the secondary farming produce include peanut, cassava, garlic, onion, egg-plant, cabbage, rubber, cotton and also calamansi (sort of lemon).

The farming land in the nation is a mixture of tiny, tool and also huge ranches. A typical ranch dimension is about 2 hectares which are usually had as well as taken care of by single family units and also array from the subsistence to the industrial manufacturing. The typical farming system comprises of crop yields such as rice, corn and also coconut as common base as well as also includes a few heads of livestock as well as poultry.

As a result of all these dominating problems, a demand was really felt to give knowledge about the different farming practices and also the most up to date fads being followed around the globe. This gave birth to the Farming Colleges in Philippines, a few of which are owned by the state.

The following colleges in the country are thought about to be the best in terms of facilities, the professors and the high quality of education and learning.

Pampanga Agriculture College: Largely established as an agricultural college, Pampanga Farming College became a state university in September 1974. Originally begun in 1885, this century old institution is located on the foothills of the Majestic Mt. Arayat in the community of Magalang, district of Pampanga. It is expanded on an area of 700 hectares of federal government agricultural lands. The primary emphasis of the university is on Guideline, Research Study & Development, Extension Training as well as Production.

Presently the university provides 13 under-graduate courses, 2-year computer system course, 2-year course in agricultural innovation, farming scientific research high school, and also graduate colleges for three masters as well as three doctoral degrees.

Xavier University – College of Agriculture: This prestigious establishment was established in 1953 by the late Fr. William F. Masterson and is the second earliest amongst the colleges of farming in Mindanao and likewise has the proud placement of being the only Catholic University of Agriculture in the entire country. It is likewise the starting member of the Organization of Colleges of Farming of the Philippines (ACAP).

The curriculum of Xavier University – University of Agriculture is a distinctive combination of energetic area job as well as the liberal arts formation. The major thrust of the college gets on Instruction, Research, Extension as well as Production.

Climate Change Adaptation and Agriculture